The remuneration shall include all of the monetary plus in-kind elements offered by the employer for the worker in substitution for the effort and time furnished by the worker. The U.A.E Labor Law has provided guarantees to shield the worker’s wage and also to obtain it 100 % as stipulated for legal reasons as follows:
First: Protecting The Remuneration from The Deduction:
In accordance with Article No. (60) with the Labor Law, any degrees of money most likely are not deducted in the employee’s remuneration to get better rights, except inside the following cases:
A. Repayment of advances or levels of money paid to your employee greater than his entitlement, given that deduction in cases like this may not exceed 10% with the employee’s periodic pay.
B. Installments that are payable lawfully by the employees off their remuneration, for instance social security and insurance schemes.
C. Subscriptions with the employees within the saving fund or advances due for payment to your fund.
D. Installments according of any social scheme or another privileges or services given by the employer and approved through the Labor Department.
E. Fines imposed upon the worker due to offenses committed by him/her
F. Any debts payable in execution of court judgment given that not in excess of a quarter in the employee’s pay will probably be deducted. In the wedding of numerous debts or creditors, half in the remuneration at the most could possibly be deducted as well as the sums of capital attached will probably be divided pro rata among beneficiaries after payment of the legal alimony amounting to a single quarter in the remuneration.
The last clause (F) reflects the safety granted for the worker from his creditors, who may request the seizure of remuneration in order to meet their rights, because that this remuneration will be the source of living from the worker and his awesome family. The law has determined the seizure percentage for that single creditor which the seizure percentage shall not exceed the quarter and inside event on the diversity on the creditors the seizure percentage shall not exceed the half in the remuneration. And if alimony is truly one of these debts, then quarter is assigned along with the remaining quarter of seized half allotted to pay other creditors pro rata, i.e. employee fees are 8000 AED and one half of this amount seized with the benefit from the creditors, then quarter (2000 AED) to spend alimony and remaining 2000 AED purchased creditors pro rata.
In order to estimate the percentage with the remuneration on the employee which could possibly be deducted, first; the proportion should be calculated with the aforementioned deductions as states inside the clause (A – C) of Article No. (60) on the said Labor Law, and also the remainder will probably be deducted on the percentage mentioned in clause (H) with the same Article- If the remuneration on the worker is 10000 Dirhams, along with the total amount deducted from loans, subscriptions, installments and fines is AED 1,000, the exact amount deducted from it for your application of item (H) which stated earlier is nine thousand Dirhams.
Second: Estimating The Deduction In Case The Employee Causes Damages, Loss or Destructions;
In Accordance with Article No. (61) from the Labor Law which states that “If the worker has caused the loss, damage or destruction to your tools, machines, equipment or products of or residing in custody with the employer, to your extent that involvement in the employee was caused by his fault or violation from the employer’s instructions, then your employer has got the option to cut on the employee’s pay the quantity required for rectifying error or restoring an item to its original condition, so long as the amount to become deducted shall not exceed five day pay monthly. The employer can apply for the competent court throughout the concerned Labor Department for authorizing him to deduct in excess of this amount if the staff member is financially sound or has another source of capital”.
Third: The Privilege Right to Obtain The Remuneration:
As states in Article No. (4) with the labor Law states that “All amounts payable towards the employee or his beneficiaries under this Law shall have lien on every one of the employer’s movable and immovable properties. And payment thereof should be made just after payment of a typical legal expenses, sums due for the public treasury and Sharia alimony awarded to wife and children”.
In the aforementioned article the legislator went beyond your general rules established with the general privilege rights which stated from the text of Article 1515 with the Civil Transactions Law into two matters to defend the worker’s right and make sure access to it:
The Labor Law grants the worker the right of privilege over each of the employer’s money, regardless with the amount or period in which the exact amount is due, meanwhile the overall rules restrict the privilege for the extent around it is entitled on the general privilege rights within the last few months.
The labor law has preferred the privilege with the employee within the privilege states from the law for that due amounts supplied for the debtor also to those who dependents for food, clothing and medicine. Essentially the privilege rights are fulfilled from the percentage of each, whilst the labor law grants the worker the best to precede the privilege with the suppliers of food, clothing and medicine.
Fourth: Estimating the Deductions in Case of Imposing a Fine Penalty
As states in Article 104 in the Labor Law “A fine might be a certain amount of greenbacks or what can equal for the remuneration in the employee for the certain stretch of time. A fine according of a single offence might not exceed remuneration payable for five days. It is just not permissible to deduct within 4 weeks an amount equal to over five days pay from your employee’s remuneration in settlement of fines imposed upon him”
Fifth: Proving The Eligibility of The Remuneration
As states in Article No. 58 in the said law; “Settlement on the remuneration payable to employees regardless of its amount or nature will likely be evidenced only in making, by declaration or oath. Any agreement for the contrary will likely be null and void regardless of whether made prior to a effective date on this Law”.
It is known as a protection for that worker as being the worker may be the weak party inside the labor relationship, the legislator in this Article has went beyond your general rules in the proof, where it will require the worker to prove his eligibility to his remuneration by writing or its alternative, declaration or oath or no matter what value in the remuneration, even when the value from the remuneration is a lot less than five thousand Dirhams. However, the final rules to the proof necessitates testimony of witnesses or evidence if the exact amount of debt is below five thousand Dirhams. Accordingly, before employer is discharged on the remuneration debt, he has to provide written proof or declaration or oath of his fulfilment to your worker.
“it can be not permissible to say employee payment prior the state receipt or acknowledgement, or utilizing the oath or refusing for the same, i.e., the receipt issued by company owner regarding employee payment will not be enough to prove the whole fees payment.
Sixth: It just isn’t Permissible to Force A Worker To Buy From A Certain Store or The Products of The Employer:
For the Protection on the worker from your possibility of forcing him to take delivery of his wages in kind as opposed to cash, also it can happen over the payment of income and then require/force the worker to purchase products on the employer or his stores at prices controlled from the employer, Article 59 on the Labor law states this “No worker will likely be obliged to get food and other commodities from specific shops or products manufactured because of the employer”
If the employer is permitted to obligate the worker to get from a certain place, he can impose the remuneration he wants and it could possibly be lower compared to the minimum remuneration. That will be achieved by providing the worker his remuneration in cash and then this worker is required/forced to buy from your employer`s shop or his products at higher prices as opposed to other stores. By this method the employer will recover part with the remuneration paid on the worker.
In light on the aforementioned it reveals to us how the legislator has granted the security for the worker with regards to obtaining his remuneration, the spot that the legislator has codified all of the provisions to safeguard the worker`s rights for getting his remuneration and preventing his remuneration for being deducted under any circumstances in ways that affects his living or his family, that shows a person’s sense along with the social commitment which is considered from the U.A.E law, which never considered the project relationship being a purely economic relationship.